In today’s day and age we can easily become overwhelmed with information, people and tasks that sometimes tend to get the best of us. Without effective knowledge, strategies and tools, it is easy to see how too many small things can lead to so much stress and discomfort for people. It is this feeling of overwhelm – of not feeling capable of being able to deal with many tasks or situations at one time – that leads to chronic stress and fatigue. However, rest assured there is a way that we can effectively take charge and gain back control over our lives. The secret lies in learning simple yet effective time management skills that will get you thinking about the process of time in a unique and potentially unexpected way.
Throughout this post we will discuss the time management process and effective strategies for making the most use of your time. We will take a look at techniques and skills that will allow you to gain more time throughout your day. Fourthly, we will break down the mindset of an effective and efficient time manager. And finally we will delve into common time wasters that could be eating up more time than you might have expected.
The Time Management Process
Learning a new skill and a set of strategies involves a process that must be diligently followed and acted upon. At first undertaking this process might feel uncomfortable and somewhat tedious. That is understandable; as anything new takes time and effort to practice and eventually absorb into our daily routine.
When it comes to time management the process is pretty straightforward, however it may take a little patience and some effort – at first – before it eventually becomes ingrained into our psyche as a new habit. Here are some suggestions to get you started along your journey towards becoming a better time manager:
Begin by Tracking Your Time
The only way to improve your time management skills is to learn from – and understand – your current time management habits. This process simply involves carrying around a notepad, and jotting down what you are doing every 15 minutes.
After 1 week, you should have a good and thorough understanding where you are spending your time and where you are wasting it. Do not move onto any other time management strategies until you successfully undertake this step. After 1 week, analyze your time logs and determine where you feel you could be more productive.
Set SMART Goals
Once you have a clear understanding of your time management habits, you are now ready to setup the bigger picture by setting and writing down S.M.A.R.T. Goals
S…pecific: Your goals must be very specific in terms of what you would like to accomplish.
M…easurable: Your goals must have a time measure, or in other words a date of when they will be accomplished.
A…chievable: Your goals must be achievable given the resources you have available to you.
R…ealistic: Your goals must be realistic given the time frame you have laid out to accomplish them.
T…imed: Your goals must be timed, meaning that they must be broken down into smaller short-term objectives that lead to medium and long-term goals. Through an understanding of the bigger picture you are working towards, you will be better equipped to more effectively manage your time.
Follow Up with Plans of Action
Whenever goals are set, a plan of action must immediately follow. Create a quick writeup and general action plan of how you will go about achieving these goals.
Create Task Specific TO DO Lists
Now take your Plan of Action and convert it into a Master TO DO List of all the things that you must do in order to achieve this bigger picture.
Prioritize Your Tasks Accordingly
Now that you have your Master TO DO List written out, the next step is to create a Daily TO DO List where you write down and specify 6 key important tasks that you will do today. As a general rule of thumb you should be spending your time on Important rather than Urgent tasks.
Many of us spend so much time during the day trying to put out fires. We deal with so many low important urgent tasks and activities that keep us busy and moving – then at the end of the day we wonder how in the world we accomplished so little. Step out of this habit trap today and begin focusing on just the important tasks before they become urgent and potentially stress inducing.
Chunk Down Your Tasks
By grouping your tasks into similar categories of activities you will become far more productive and time efficient. For instance, make all your telephone calls within a ONE block hour, and respond to all your emails during only specific times of the day. You can also group stationary activities (when you are at your desk) together with other activities that don’t require you to move around your office. Once your “chunk time” is over, simply move onto something else, without making any further telephone calls or writing up emails.
Schedule Blocks of Time to do Tasks
When setting tasks, be sure to specify how much time you will be spending on each of these activities. If you do not specify a time, you may become caught up in wasting time on activities that are simply taking up too much time. Every task and activity must be set around a realistic and achievable time frame. Do whatever you can to accomplish this activity within the time frame you have set. And when time has lapsed, immediately move onto something else. Don’t allow perfection to sabotage your success as an efficient and proficient time manager.
Stick to the 80 / 20 Rule
The 80 / 20 Rule states that 80% of your efforts will bring about only 20% of the results. On the flip-side, 20% of your efforts will bring about 80% of your results. Knowing this, identify the highest value activities that will have the largest impact on your success at the end of the day, week, month and year. Focus on accomplishing these tasks and activities first, before moving onto the 80% of activities that will only bring about 20% of the result. The 80 / 20 Rule is a large in-depth topic that will become a future Mind Map.
Balance Your Routine
Finally, establish a daily, weekly and monthly routine schedule that will keep you moving forward and focusing on your most important goals, tasks and activities. Routines are excellent ways of forming new and empowering habits that will help you become an effective time manager. However, be sure that at all costs you keep your routine balanced personally and professionally.
Effective Time Management Strategies
When it comes to time management, there are some simple strategies that we can apply into our daily routine that will instantly make us more productive and efficient. Here are some suggestions to get you started:
Be Flexible with Your Time
Know and understand that the day will rarely go as you had planned. Emergencies will pop up and unexpected events may change your course and direction. You must be prepared for situations like these by creating a “Buffer” system within your schedule. This “Buffer” will allow you time throughout your day to deal with unexpected events and circumstances. However, be very careful not to become lost within these scenarios.
Set a time limit for yourself in respect to how much time you will spend in putting out these fires, and then return back to your most important activities without a second thought. Just keep focusing on the bigger picture and keep moving forward with what is most important in respect to your end result.
Be Inflexible with Setting Time Limits
While it is important to be flexible with your schedule and routine, it is however critical that you are inflexible when it comes to setting time limits for specific tasks and activities. Determine how much time you will spend on important activities and stick with them until time has elapsed (unless the activity or task is finished ahead of time of course). By being inflexible with setting your time, you will become more effective and efficient throughout your day.
Get yourself organized by starting with your thoughts. If you are finding that there is just too much information circulating around your mind at one time, than develop a strategy of writing your thoughts out on paper and clearing your head from all these heavy weights. Once your plans, tasks and ideas are on paper, your head will be much clearer and more organized.
Organize Your Environment
Do you waste many precious minutes of your day simply looking for things? If you answered YES, than you know what you must do. Simply organize your files and folders in ways that will make things quick and easy to find at a moments notice.
Another area you should take a look at is your computer and emails. If you are spending too much time browsing through icons, folders and files, trying to look for something that should be easy to find, than you might want to look at rearranging your computer folder system and email management process.
Remember, the initial process of organizing your environment is the easy part. It is the ongoing process of keeping it organized that may be difficult for the unprepared mind. As a simple tip, just follow the rule of putting things away where you found them, or storing things immediately when you receive them. The moment you leave one piece of paper lying around “where it don’t belong”, is the moment when you start to lose control.
Get Organized by Setting Reminders
Two simple ways to remind yourself about task and activities is to use Sticky Notes or to carry around a Voice Recorder. Both are proven ways of capturing quick ideas that you can later transfer into your Daily TO DO List.
Identify Bad Habits
As you are moving through the process of organizing yourself and your environment, keep a watchful eye on “Time Sapping” habits that may sabotage your progress and success. Identify them and work on strategies to rid yourself of these nasty habits once and for all.
How to Gain More Time Throughout Your Day
It is said that no matter how busy we may appear to be, that we can all gain time throughout our day by either improving certain skill-sets or through applying simple techniques and strategies that will make us more efficient and proficient when it comes to effectively managing our time. Here are some suggestions that will get you thinking in the right direction:
Improve Critical Time Management Skill Areas
The following are a set of skills we must all work on improving throughout our days in order to become a far more effective and efficient time manager.
Improve your Computer Literacy by learning how to use certain pieces of software that will cut down the time, energy and effort it takes you to undertake specific tasks and activities. Even learning simple program shortcuts can dramatically cut down the time it takes you to write a report or prepare a presentation. Look online for beginner tutorials or find a workshop or course within your area.
Learning to be creative
will allow you to develop ingenious and unique ideas on how to save time and become more productive throughout your day.
Critical Thinking & Problem Solving Skills
Having the ability to think critically
about situations will allow you to spend less time on the process of thinking and more time on doing and implementing.
Learning how to delegate work efficiently and effectively will save you an ample amount of time. Having another pair of hands undertaking the tasks and activities that you would normally spend time on, clearly frees you up to focus on other matters. The opportunity cost of paying someone to do something could well be the catalyst that makes you both more efficient and proficient. This will become a future Mind Map.
Sometimes because we cannot agree with others about how things should be, it naturally draws time away from more important matters. By learning how to negotiate more effectively you will reach a satisfactory agreement much faster, which will therefore allow you time to focus on other matters. This will become a future Mind Map.
Whenever our emotions tend to get the better of us, we lose time, and become very unproductive in the process. Emotional Intelligence involves the process of taking proactive control of our emotions and projecting them in ways that will boost our productivity and performance. This will become a future Mind Map.
Spend time grouping tasks and activities together, and work on developing and improving your multitasking abilities. As a cautionary note – on very important tasks that require a lot of thought and attention it is suggested that you do not multi-task.
Decision Making Ability
The faster you are able to reach a definitive decision, the more time you will save. This will become a future Mind Map.
Speed of Reading
Techniques to Help You Gain More Time
The following is a list of just a few techniques you can utilize on a daily basis to help you become a more efficient and effective time manager.
Simple affirmations like “I am becoming more efficient and proficient with my time each and every day” – will keep you on the right track towards your time management goals.
Take Regular Breaks
Your body and mind need regular breaks throughout the day. On the surface working 5 hours straight might seem as though it will result in more productivity. However, we must understand that spending long hours of time on a certain activity fatigues the brain and stumps creativity and a person’s problem solving abilities. By taking regular breaks you refresh the mind, clarify the thought processes, and improve the creativity and flow of information.
Learn to Say “No”
By simply saying “NO” to people’s requests for help and assistance, you will avoid committing yourself to something that will eat up your time and make you feel guilty in the process.
Create Systems & Processes
Everything that you do can be created into an effective system or process that could dramatically shorten the time the task or activity normally takes to perform. Commit yourself towards thinking in SYSTEMS. Simply ask yourself.
How can I simplify this activity into a system or process that will save me time, energy, money and effort?
Eliminate Unnecessary Obligations & Tasks
Sometimes we simply do not have time because we spend too much time on unnecessary and low value tasks, activities or obligations that we have tied ourselves down to. Commit yourself today and make a decision to eliminate these obligations, tasks and activities once and for all.
Commit to Constant Improvement
Everything can and should always be improved upon on a daily basis. No matter what kind of task, activity or process you are undertaking, everything can be improved if you continuously feed your mind with questions that will expand your thinking and awareness about the way you are going about your daily obligations. Just learn to ask yourself the right questions
and you will be rewarded with answers that will save you both time and money. For more information on how to use effective questioning strategies, visit the miWisdom Blog
The Mindset of an Efficient Time Manager
When it comes to effectively managing your time, techniques and strategies will only take you part of the way. One must also learn to cultivate a mindset that will naturally compliment these strategies in ways that expand one’s awareness and understanding of time. Here is a closer look at the time efficiency mindset:
Critical Time Efficiency Questions
The first step towards a time efficiency mindset begins with asking yourself the right kinds of questions to stimulate thoughts about how you are utilizing your time. Throughout your day ask yourself the following 3 questions. These questions will keep you focused and centered on what is most important:
What is the best use of my time right now?
What is the future impact of this activity?
Am I the best person to perform this job?
Become an “Optimistic Realist”
Becoming an Optimistic Realist means being optimistic about your ability to get things done in the most effective and efficient manner. Moreover, it also means that you understand possible obstacles, challenges and problems that may arise, and therefore you have outlined a set of steps or plan to overcome them in a proficient manner.
Become “Proactive” Rather than “Reactive”
Being proactive means that you are physically and emotionally taking charge of the tasks and activities that you are responsible for on a daily basis. Despite unexpected surprises and challenges that may arise, you remain calm and under control, thinking proactively in ways that will bring about solutions and move you forward in a productive manner. If on the other hand you are always physically and emotionally reacting to events and circumstances, you will suffer the consequences through experiencing the emotions of fear, overwhelm and stress.
Apply Focused Concentration
To become an efficient time manager, you must display focused effort and concentration on nothing other than the activity you are currently undertaking. Remove absolutely all distractions and zero in on just the task at hand.
Don’t Seek Perfection
If you have a habit of seeking to perfect everything you do, than you have very little chance of being a great and proficient time manager. Realize that perfection is simply an opinion. What you consider as being perfect may not be how others look at the situation. On the other hand, your imperfect actions may indeed be more than satisfactory for others. Ask yourself, “Will an extra 10 minutes spent on this activity really make a significant difference to the end result?” If the answer is NO, than you know what to do.
Show Commitment & Discipline towards Completing Your Tasks
When you set a task or activity for yourself, commit yourself towards applying diligent consistent effort to do whatever it takes to get the job done within the time frame you outlined for yourself. Only with this type of mentality will you develop the necessary habits that will evolve you into an efficient time manager.
Show an Enthusiastic Attitude
Throughout your day no matter what sudden surprises or problems pop up, keep a smile on your face and a bubbly attitude. Simply see everything as a challenge that you will work through in a progressive and proactive manner towards the bigger objectives and goals you would have outlined when we began this discussion. An enthusiastic attitude will also keep your energies high when things seem to be falling down all around you.
Common Time Wasting Activities
As wonderful as it is to cultivate the habits of efficient and effective time management, it is equally important to grasp an understanding of where we might be wasting our time on activities that simply provide us with little value or reward. Here are just a few time wasting activities that may be robbing you of more than just your time:
Avoid the Habits of Procrastination & Laziness
Procrastination is the habit of simply avoiding a certain activity through any means possible. Be very careful with this one, because procrastination sometimes sneaks up on us when we least expect it. Even simple things as planning too much, taking an extended lunch-break, having too many breaks, etc – all are key signals of procrastination
. Keep an eye out on these signals and work on cultivating the Time Efficiency Mindset discussed above.
Avoid the Trap of “Waiting”
Whether you are waiting in line at the grocery store, or for your appointment to arrive; it all means one thing – you are simply wasting time when you could be doing something that will bring you a greater sense of fulfillment and the result you want most at the end of the day. However, sometimes these kinds of things are simply unavoidable. In that instance, prepare yourself in advance by taking some reading materials or making important telephone calls.
As long as every minute of your working day you are doing something that keeps you moving forward and gets you the end result you are after, than you are on the right path towards mastering your time.
Avoid Constant Disruptions
Disruptions will make you lose focus, concentration and will interrupt your creativity and thinking processes. Studies have shown that it can take anywhere from 5 to 15 minutes after a disruption has occurred for a person to gain back the momentum they had before the disruption. To avoid these occurrences, simply inform others that you will not be available during a specific period of time, and that you don’t want to be disturbed unless it is a personal emergency.
Avoid the Habit of Just “Staying Busy”
Staying busy is a form of procrastination. There are just so many things that we can do throughout our day that have very little impact on our goals and objectives. Go back to the 80 / 20 rule and commit yourself to working on the 20% of activities and tasks that will help you accomplish 80% of your goals and objectives. Only once these tasks have been completed should you move on to the 80%.
Avoid the Technology Trap
Technology is great, if used in a way that will benefit your long-term goals and objectives. On the other hand, if technology is abused it can sabotage your time and lock you away into the habit of ongoing procrastination. Too much internet surfing, email responding, watching television, talking over the telephone, or listening endlessly to the radio will sabotage your time probably more than anything else on this list.
Avoid these 3 Time Robbing Emotions
The 3 emotions of Fear
are all an outcropping of one’s inability to proactively manage their time. If you are able to use and apply all the techniques and strategies discussed within this post, than these emotions will no longer inflict you in their energy sapping ways.
Applying the habits of Effective Time Management takes a little diligent effort, however if consistently practiced and implemented throughout your day, it will lead to a greater sense of satisfaction and freedom that you might not have experienced in a very long time. By actually taking the time to cultivate these strategies, techniques and mindset, you will likely find that you will not only gain more time – you might also discover that you have taken back your life.
I hope you enjoyed this post, and if you have any further thoughts, ideas, reflections or suggestions about this topic, than please feel free to comment below.